Professor (CNU 28)

Institut Pprime -CNRS-Université de Poitiers-ISAE ENSMA
Département de Physique et Mécanique des Matériaux
SP2MI, 11 Bd M&P Curie, Chasseneuil du Poitou
TSA 41123

Office: Bâtiment H1, Room 1/E 64 (1st Floor)
+33 5 49 49 67 23


V. Mauchamp is Professor at the department of Physics of the University of Poitiers. After a master’s degree in Condensed Matter Physics from the Univeristy Paul Sabatier (Toulouse, Fr), he received a Ph.D degree in materials science from the University of Nantes where he worked on the characterization of lithium-ion battery electrodes using Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy. After a post-doc at the INSA Lyon, he joined the Pprime institute in 2007 as an associate professor working on the electronic properties of MAX phases. He became Professor in 2019 and is now mainly interested in the electronic structure and electronic properties of 2D-dimensional transition metal carbides (so-called MXenes) as probed by different kinds of electron spectroscopies associated to Density Functional Theory simulations. He is head of the team ‘Physics and Properties of Nanostructures’ at the Pprime institute.


Current research interests (Institute P’):

  •  Electronic properties and functionalization of two-dimensional transition metal carbides (so-called MXenes) for optoelectronic   and energy applications.
  •  Electron spectroscopies on complex materials

Key words:

  • MAX phases/MXenes.
  • Electronic structure
  • DFT simulation of electron spectroscopies: electron energy-loss spectroscopy (core-loss & low-loss), X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (valence band & binding energy), dielectric properties
  • Transmission electron microscopy & electron energy loss spectroscopy

Supervised PhD students:

  • A. Benmoumen (2022-2025): Functionalization of 2D transition metal carbide sheets (MXenes) using ion-implantation: structural modifications and properties.
    Supervision in collaboration with Dr M.-L. David (Pprime Institute) and Pr. P. Moreau (IMN, Nantes).
  • F. Brette (2019-2022): Electronic structure and functionalization of two dimensional transition metal carbide sheets (MXenes) : simulation of spectroscopic data.
    Supervision in collaboration with Dr F. Boucher (IMN, Nantes).
  • T. Bilyk (2018-2021): Characterization of surface, disorder and stakcing effects in the Ti3C2Tx MXene system using transmission electron microscopy.
    Supervision in collaboration with Dr J. Pacaud (Pprime Institute).
  • D. Magné (2013-2016): Synthesis and electronic structure of MAX phases and MXenes.
    Supervision in collaboration with Pr P. Moreau (Pprime Institute).
  • M. Bugnet (2008-2011): Synthesis, electronic structure and behavior under ion irradiation of MAX phases thin films. – Favard prize from the French Microscopy Society
    Supervision in collaboration with Pr. M. Jaouen & Pr T. Cabioc’h (Pprime Institute).


Teaching (Department of Physics, University of Poitiers) :


Sélection de publications

As of 02/2021

  •  43 publications in international peer reviewed journals
  • 2022

    • Plasmon spectroscopy for the determination of Ti3C2Tx MXene few layer stacks architecture
      T. Bilyk, H.-W. Hsiao, R. Yuan, M. Benchakar, A. Habrioux, S. Célérier, J.-M. Zuo, J. Pacaud
      and V. Mauchamp
      2D Materials 9 (2022) 035017. doi:
    • Ion Implantation Enhanced Exfoliation Efficiency of V2AlC Single Crystals: Implications for Large V2CTz Nanosheet Production
      H. Pazniak, S. Hurand, N. Guignard, S. Célérier, U. Wiedwald, T. Ouisse, M.-L. David, V. Mauchamp
      ACS Applied Nano Materials 5 (2022) 8029. doi:


  • Ion implantation as an approach for structural modifications and functionalization of Ti3C2Tx MXenes
    H. Pazniak, M. Benchakar, T. Bilyk, A. Liedl, Y. Busby, C. Noël, P. Chartier, S. Hurand, M. Marteau, L. Houssiau, R. Larciprete, P. Lacovig, D. Lizzit, E. Tosi, S. Lizzit, J. Pacaud, S. Célérier, V. Mauchamp, M.-L. David
    ACS Nano vol 15, p 4245 (2021). doi: 10.1021/acsnano.0c06735


  • Electronic Structure Sensitivity to Surface Disorder and Nanometer-Scale Impurity of 2D Titanium Carbide MXene Sheets as Revealed by Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy
    T. Bilyk, M. Benchakar, M. Bugnet, L. Loupias, P. Chartier, H. Pazniak, ML David, A. Habrioux, S. Celerier, J. Pacaud, V. Mauchamp
    Journal of Physical Chemistry C vol. 124, p 27071 (2020). doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c06798
  • One MAX phase, different MXenes: A guideline to understand the crucial role of etching conditions on Ti3C2Tx surface chemistry
    M. Benchakar, L. Loupias, C. Garnero, T. Bilyk, C. Morais, C. Canaff, N. Guignard, S. Morisset, H. Pazniak, S. Hurand, P. Chartier, J. Pacaud, V. Mauchamp, M. W.Barsoum, A. Habrioux, S. Célérier
    Applied Surface Science vol. 530, p 147209 (2020). doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.147209


  • MXene Supported Cobalt Layered Double Hydroxide Nanocrystals: Facile Synthesis Route for a Synergistic Oxygen Evolution Reaction Electrocatalyst
    M. Benchakar, T. Bilyk, C. Garnero, L. Loupias, C. Morais, J. Pacaud, C. Canaff, P. Chartier, S. Morisset, N. Guignard, V. Mauchamp, S. Célérier, A. Habrioux
    Advanced Materials Interfaces vol. 6, p 1901328 (2019). doi:10.1002/admi.201901328
  • Hydration of Ti3C2Tx MXene: An Interstratification Process with Major Implications on Physical Properties
    S. Célérier, S. Hurand, C. Garnero, S. Morisset, M. Benchakar, A. Habrioux, P. Chartier, V. Mauchamp, N. Findling, B. Lanson, and E. Ferrage
    Chemistry of Materials vol. 31, p 454 (2019). doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b03976


  • Solid-liquid co-existent phase process: Towards fully dense and thermally efficient Cu/C composite materials
    C. Azina, J. Roger, A. Joulain, V. Mauchamp, B. Mortaigne, Y. Lub, J.-F. Silvain
    Journal of Alloys and Compounds vol. 738, p 292 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.12.196


  • A new etching environment (FeF3/HCl) for the synthesis of two-dimensional titanium carbide MXenes: a route towards selective reactivity vs. water
    X. Wang, C. Garnero, G. Rochard, D. Magne, S. Morisset, S. Hurand, P. Chartier, J. Rousseau, T. Cabioc’h, C. Coutanceau, V. Mauchamp, S. Celerier
    Journal of Materials Chemistry A vol. 5, p 22012 (2017). doi:10.1039/C7TA01082F
  • Synthesis and characterization of a new (Ti1-x,Cux)3(Al,Cu)C2 MAX phase solid solution
    M. Nechiche, V. Gauthier-Brunet, V. Mauchamp, A. Joulain, T. Cabioc’h, X. Milhet, P. Chartier, S. Dubois, S
    Journal of the European Ceramic Society vol. 37, p 459 (2017). doi:10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2016.09.028


  • Interplay between nanolaminated structure and electron-phonon coupling in Ti-based MAX phases
    A. Nassour, V. Mauchamp, S. Dubois
    Physical Review B vol. 94, p 205131 (2016). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.205131
  • Key role of electron-phonon interactions in the electronic conductivity of Ti3SiC2: Experiment and ab initio calculations
    A. Nassour, V. Mauchamp, W. Yu, T. Cabioch, L. Piraux, V. Gauthier-Brunet, S. Dubois
    Physical Review B vol. 93, p 085119 (2016). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.085119
  • Site-projected electronic structure of two-dimensional Ti3C2 MXene: the role of the surface functionalization groups
    D. Magne, V. Mauchamp, S. Celerier, P. Chartier, T. Cabioc’h
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics vol. 18, p 30946 (2016). doi:10.1039/c6cp05985f


  • Magnetotransport properties of nearly-free electrons in two-dimensional hexagonal metals and application to the Mn+1AXn phases
    T. Ouisse, L. Shi, B.A. Piot, B. Hackens, V. Mauchamp, D. Chaussende
    Physical Review B vol. 92, p 045133 (2015). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.92.045133
  • Spectroscopic evidence in the visible-ultraviolet energy range of surface functionalization sites in the multilayer Ti3C2 MXene
    D. Magne, V. Mauchamp, S. Celerier, P. Chartier, T. Cabioc’h
    Physical Review B vol. 91, p 201409 (2015). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.201409


  • Experimental and first-principles investigation of the electronic structure anisotropy of Cr2AlC
    M. Bugnet, M. Jaouen, V. Mauchamp, T. Cabioc’h, G. Hug
    Physical Review B vol. 90, p 195116 (2014). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.195116
  • Solid solution effects in the Ti2Al(CxNy) MAX phases: Synthesis, microstructure, electronic structure and transport properties
    W. Yu, V. Mauchamp, T. Cabioc’h, D. Magne, L. Gence, L. Piraux, V. Gauthier-Brunet, S. Dubois
    Acta Materialia vol. 80, p 421 (2014). doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2014.07.064
  • Enhanced and tunable surface plasmons in two-dimensional Ti3C2 stacks: Electronic structure versus boundary effects
    V. Mauchamp, M. Bugnet, E.P. Bellido, G.A. Botton, P. Moreau, D. Magne, M. Naguib, T. Cabioc’h, M.W. Barsoum
    Physical Review B vol. 89, p 235428 (2014). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.89.235428
  • Experimental evidence of Cr magnetic moments at low temperature in Cr(2)A(A=Al, Ge)C
    M. Jaouen, M. Bugnet, N. Jaouen, P. Ohresser, V. Mauchamp, T. Cabioc’h, A. Rogalev
    Journal of physics-condensed matter vol. 26, p 176002 (2014). doi:10.1088/0953-8984/26/17/176002
  • In situ controlled modification of the helium density in single helium-filled nanobubbles
    M.-L. David, K. Alix, F. Pailloux, V. Mauchamp, M. Couillard, G.A. Botton, L. Pizzagalli
    Journal of Applied Physics vol. 115, p 123508 (2014). doi:10.1063/1.4869213


  • Invar Like Behavior of the Cr2AIC MAX Phase at Low Temperature
    M. Jaouen, P. Chartier, T Cabioc’h, V. Mauchamp, G. Andre, M. Viret
    Journal of the American Ceramic Society vol. 96, p 3872 (2013). doi:10.1111/jace.12635
  • Contribution of core-loss fine structures to the characterization of ion irradiation damages in the nanolaminated ceramic Ti3AlC2
    M. Bugnet, V. Mauchamp, P. Eklund, M. Jaouen, T. Cabioc’h
    Acta Materialia vol. 61, p 7348 (2013). doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2013.08.041
  • Chemically sensitive amorphization process in the nanolaminated Cr2AC (A = Al or Ge) system from TEM in situ irradiation
    M. Bugnet, V. Mauchamp, E. Oliviero, M. Jaouen, T. Cabioc’h
    Journal of Nuclear Materials vol. 441, p 133 (2013). doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.05.028
  • Anisotropy of the resistivity and charge-carrier sign in nanolaminated Ti2AlC: Experiment and ab initio calculations
    V. Mauchamp, W. Yu, L. Gence, L. Piraux, T. Cabioc’h, V. Gauthier, P. Eklund, S. Dubois
    Physical Review B vol. 87, p 235105 (2013). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.87.235105
  • Tailoring of the thermal expansion of Cr2(Alx,Ge1-x)C phases
    T. Cabioch, P. Eklund, V. Mauchamp, M. Jaouen, M.W. Barsoum
    Journal of the European Ceramic Society vol. 33, p 897 (2013). doi:10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2012.10.008


  • Interplay between many-body effects and charge transfers in Cr2AlC bulk plasmon excitation
    V. Mauchamp, M. Bugnet, P. Chartier, T. Cabioc’h, M. Jaouen, J. Vinson, K. Jorissen, J.J. Rehr
    Physical Review B vol. 86, p 125109 (2012). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.86.125109
  • Structural investigation of substoichiometry and solid solution effects in Ti2Al(Cx,N1-x)y compounds
    T. Cabioc’h, P. Eklund, V. Mauchamp, M. Jaouen
    Journal of the European Ceramic Society vol. 32, p 1803 (2012). doi:10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2011.12.011


  • Epitaxial growth and electrical transport properties of Cr2GeC thin films
    P. Eklund, M. Bugnet, V. Mauchamp, S. Dubois, C. Tromas, J. Jensen, L. Piraux, L. Gence, M. Jaouen, T. Cabioc’h
    Physical Review B vol. 84, p 075424 (2011). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.075424

  • In situ probing of helium desorption from individual nanobubbles under electron irradiation
    M.-L. David, F. Pailloux, V. Mauchamp, L. Pizzagalli
    Applied Physics Letters vol. 98, p 171903 (2011). doi:10.1063/1.3582612


  • Real-space simulations of spin-polarized electronic transitions in iron
    P. Schattschneider, J. Verbeeck, V. Mauchamp, M. Jaouen, A.L. Hamon
    Physical Review B vol. 82, p 144418 (2010). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.82.144418
  • Stability of the nitrogen-deficient Ti2AlNx MAX phase in Ar2+-irradiated (Ti,Al)N/Ti2AlNx multilayers
    M. Bugnet, T. Cabioc’h, V. Mauchamp, P. Guerin, M. Marteau, M. Jaouen
    Journal of Materials Science vol. 45, p 5547 (2010). doi:10.1007/s10853-010-4615-0
  • Real space maps of magnetic moments on the atomic scale: Theory and feasibility
    P. Schattschneider, I. Ennen, M. Stoger-Pollach, J. Verbeeck, V. Mauchamp, M. Jaouen
    Ultramicroscopy vol. 110, p 1038 (2010). doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2009.11.020
  • Anisotropy of Ti2AlN dielectric response investigated by ab initio calculations and electron energy-loss spectroscopy
    V. Mauchamp, G. Hug, M. Bugnet, T. Cabioc’h, M. Jaouen
    Physical Review B vol. 81, p 035109 (2010). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.81.035109


  • Core-hole effect in the one-particle approximation revisited from density functional theory
    V. Mauchamp, M. Jaouen, P. Schattschneider
    Physical Review B vol. 79, p 235106 (2009). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.79.235106
  • Fast determination of phases in LixFePO4 using low losses in electron energy-loss spectroscopy
    P. Moreau, V. Mauchamp, F. Pailloux, F. Boucher
    Applied Physics Letters vol. 94, p 123111 (2009). doi:10.1063/1.3109777
  • Delocalization of 4f Electrons in Gadolinium Oxide on the Nanometer Scale
    M. Ou, V. Mauchamp, B. Mutelet, T. Epicier, J.-C. Le Bosse, S. Roux, O. Tillement, P. Perriat
    Journal of Physical Chemistry C vol. 113, p 4038 (2009). doi:10.1021/jp808931k


  • Application of a fully relativistic theory to the EELS investigation of anisotropy effects at the oxygen K edge in rutile and ZrO2
    V. Mauchamp, T. Epicier, J.-C. Le Bosse
    Physical Review B vol. 77, p 235122 (2008). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.77.235122
  • Electron energy-loss spectroscopy in the low-loss region as a characterization tool of electrode materials

    V. Mauchamp, F. Boucher, P. Moreau
    Ionics vol. 14, p 191 (2008). doi:10.1007/s11581-008-0208-1

  • Local field effects at LiK edges in electron energy-loss spectra of Li, Li2O and LiF
    V. Mauchamp, P. Moreau, G. Ouvrard, F. Boucher
    Physical Review B vol. 77, p 045117 (2008). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.77.045117


  • Determination of lithium insertion sites in LixTiP4 (x=2-11) by electron energy-loss spectroscopy
    V. Mauchamp, P. Moreau, L. Monconduit, M.-L. Doublet, F. Boucher, G. Ouvrard
    Journal of Physical Chemistry C vol. 111, p 3996 (2007). doi:10.1021/jp066983p
  • Propagation of surface-assisted side reactions, a main cause for capacity fading of vanadium oxide nanograins
    F. Tanguy, J. Gaubicher, P. Soudan, N. Bourgeon-Martin, V. Mauchamp, D. Guyomard
    Electrochemical and Solid State Letters vol. 10, p A184 (2007). doi:10.1149/1.2743821


  • Ab initio simulation of the electron energy-loss near-edge structures at the LiK edge in Li, Li2O, and LiMn2O4
    V. Mauchamp, F. Boucher, G. Ouvrard, P. Moreau
    Physical Review B vol. 74, p 115106 (2006). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.74.115106
  • Electron energy-loss spectra calculations and experiments as a tool for the identification of a lamellar C3N4 compound
    P. Moreau, F. Boucher, G. Goglio, D. Foy, V. Mauchamp, G. Ouvrard
    Physical Review B vol. 73, p 195111 (2006). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.73.195111